Sub Ohm Vaping Guide For Beginners

By January 22, 2018Vaping
a complete guide to sub ohm vaping as well as temperature control

Want more vapor? If you answered yes, sub ohm vaping is the direction that you want to go. There was a time not long ago when sub ohm vaping was complicated but new technology has made things much easier. Our complete sub ohm vaping guide will help you find your path to more vapor. We will get into the history and evolution and talk about the current trends in vaping.

We will also cover temperature control vaping. Temperature control vaping is a form of sub ohm vaping but instead of variable wattage, you set the atomizer temperature. What are the advantages or disadvantages of temp control vs. regular sub ohm vaping? We will get into that as we go along.

By the way, sub ohm vaping can be as easy as using the standard e-cig or vape mod you are using now. The best example is the Apollo Ohm Go sub ohm mod kit. The Ohm Go is a very easy to use sub ohm vaping kit that does not require any adjustments of wattage or temperature. But I am getting a bit ahead of myself! Let’s take a minute and begin at the beginning.

What Is Sub Ohm Vaping?

What is sub ohm vaping? That is a good question! We know that sub ohm vaping generates more vapor than standard vaping, but how? In a nutshell, sub ohm vaping uses lower resistance atomizers to draw more power from a more powerful battery. More power rapidly drawn to the atomizer coil vaporizes more e-liquid. That means more vapor.

The term “sub ohm” comes from the fact that sub ohm vaping involves vaping with atomizers with less than 1.0 ohms of resistance. Conversely, standard vaping involves using atomizers with more than 1.0 ohms of resistance. The lower the resistance the more power will be drawn from the battery.

As we will get into in the sub ohm vaping guide, atomizer coil resistances can range as low as 0.1 ohms. In fact, there are some coils that claim to be non-resistant. For starters, you should focus on sub ohm coils in the 0.8 ohm to 0.2 ohm range. Most sub ohm vape tanks have a 0.5 ohm coil options and that can be a nice place to start. You will get plenty of vapor at 0.5 ohms!

Atomizer Coil Resistance

There was a time not too long ago when you had to make your own coils if you wanted to try sub ohm vaping. Homemade coils and mechanical mods were popular, but potentially dangerous. Now, sub ohm vaping is much more accessible thanks to improved technology. Today, you can buy pre-built coils with an atomizer resistance below 1.0 ohms.

Sub ohm vape tanks may offer several coil options with a variety of resistance levels. You do not have to build your own coils to enjoy massive sub ohm vapor production. Our sub ohm vape guide will not cover how to build your own coils. That is a separate topic and one we recommend for more experienced sub ohm vapers. For sub ohm vaping beginners, stick with regulated mods and sub ohm vape tanks.

The beauty of sub ohm vaping today is how accessible it is. With a regulated mod and a top-quality sub ohm tank, you do not have to be a techie to get the clouds you are looking for.

Standard Vs. Sub Ohm Vaping – MTL vs DL

Standard vaping is using an atomizer with more than 1.0 ohms of resistance. This is also referred to as mouth to lung vaping, or MTL. Mouth to lung vaping is when you draw the vapor into your mouth and then inhale. This is the familiar way most people smoke a cigarette. That is why most vapers start with with an MTL vape device like the Neo Endeavor vape starter kit.

With standard MTL vaping, you typically use an e-liquid that is at least 50% PG with a nicotine level of anywhere between 6 mg and 24 mg. You will not use a PG e-liquid for sub ohm vaping.

  • PG – propylene glycol
  • VG – vegetable glycerin
  • Both PG and VG are food grade additives
  • PG does not make as much vapor as VG but carries more flavor
  • VG makes more vapor but may not have as much throat hit

With sub ohm vaping, you are using an atomizer below 1.0 ohms in resistance and directly inhaling the vapor into the lungs. This is sometimes called DL vaping, or direct lung. This is a different style of vaping and may take some getting used to. You may notice less of a throat hit compared to standard vaping but the other side of that coin is that there is much more vapor. You notice a sense of satisfaction especially on the exhale.

Use VG E-Liquids

With sub ohm DL vaping, you will be using an e-liquid that has more VG than PG. The higher the VG content, the more vapor can be produced. Cloud chasers prefer Max VG e-liquids. A 70/30 or 80/20 VG / PG ratio is the choice for most sub ohm vapers who want both the vapor and the flavor.

One more very important thing. If you are reading our sub ohm vaping guide it is probably because you want more vapor and that’s what you will get! You will be inhaling much  more vapor and that means you will not need any more than 6 mg of nicotine in your e-liquid. A VG e-liquid with either 3 mg or 6 mg of e-liquid should be all you need for a fully satisfying vape.

Sub Ohm Vaping Pros And Cons

Sub Ohm Vaping Pros:

  • Massive vapor production
  • Diverse range of products
  • More flavor choices
  • Interactive: can customize and change the vaping experience at will
  • Satisfying, flavorful, and enjoyable vapor experience

Sub Ohm Vaping Cons

  • Uses more e-juice
  • Some mods can be complicated to use
  • Some mechanical or cloned products can be dangerous

Ohm’s Law

Ohm’s Law is all about the way electricity moves through a circuit. It covers the relationship between volts, amps, and resistance. Mathematically, Ohm’s law is amps equals voltage (current) divided by resistance. The formula is:

V = I R

V – the potential variation between two points eg. volts

I – the current flowing through a resistance

R – resistance

  • Volts – the difference in charge between two points
  • Amps – the rate at which charge is flowing, current
  • Resistance – a material’s tendency to resist flow
  • Watts – volts times amps, the power created from a circuit

The wattage setting on your mod determines the product of Ohm’s law, the power output. In other words the amount of power produced through the process of drawing current from the battery to your atomizer coils. A mod that has a variable power, or variable wattage, setting is actually applying the Ohm’s Law calculation every time you hit the fire button to vape.

That is why good a good quality device with accurate atomizer resistance reading and output is important for safety. It is also important to have a battery capable of the amperage required for your particular device. For example, if you are vaping at 200 watts with a 10 amp battery, you can stress the battery to the point that it will simply burn up. And that is not good! Fortunately, today’s regulated mods are designed with safety features to prevent accidents.

Regulated Vs. Mech Mods

This is where we get into the difference between a regulated and mech mod. Most of the mods on the market today are regulated. By regulated we mean that the process of drawing power from a battery to an atomizer is regulated. An unregulated mech mod has no chip to control the flow of power from the battery. Mech mods draw raw power from the battery. If you are using a mech, it is very important to be familiar with Ohm’s Law and to know the resistance of your atomizer coil.

Most of the vape mods on the market today are regulated. As part of our Sub Ohm Vaping Guide, we want to strongly recommend to new sub ohm vapers that you use a regulated mod. Let the technology do the work. Regulated mods like Smok Alien 220 watt mod for example. The display screen will show your power setting and the atomizer resistance. You can adjust the wattage to suit your taste.

  • Regulated mods are much safer and easier to use than mech mods.

Choosing The Right Wattage For Sub Ohm Coils

One of the potential risks of sub ohm vaping is frying your coils. If you set the power to a level that is too much for the atomizer, you can fry the coils. The result would be a burnt hit which tastes gross and can wreck the coil. You want to make sure that you vape in the safe range for your atomizer resistance.

Always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for the appropriate wattage range for a coil. You will usually find the range on the packaging, in the product description, or in the technical specs. For example, a 0.5 ohm coil will vape best at 15 watts up to 50 watts.

  • Follow the manufacturer guidelines for wattage settings

Another place you can look to find out the appropriate wattage range is on the coil itself. When you look at a replacement vape coil, you will see the safe vaping range printed on the coil itself. You can see an example below.

sub ohm vaping wattage settings for atomizer coils

If you don’t know or cannot find the proper range, use our sub ohm vape chart as a guideline.

Sub Ohm Vape Chart

 

sub ohm vaping chart with recommended wattage for atomizer resistance

This sub ohm vape chart is a guideline. You can see the safe vaping ranges for your specific atomizer resistance.

How do you read this sub ohm vape chart? As we mentioned earlier, the wattage, or power, is established by the voltage, current, and resistance. At the top of the chart, you will see the voltage. 3.6 volts to 4.2 volts will produce ample vapor. If you get into the 5 volt or more range you will be running the risk of burnt hits and fried coils.

If you mod has a voltage reading, and most do, that is another way you can monitor whether or not you are vaping at a power setting suitable to your coils. Fire the mod and watch the voltage reading. If it reads 4.8 or up, you should probably dial back the power.

This sub ohm vape chart is basic information that we wanted to include in the sub ohm vaping guide for beginners. As you grow with experience, you will find wattage settings that fit your style.

What Is Temperature Control Vaping?

Now, what is temperature control vaping? First, temp control vaping is a form of sub ohm vaping. Instead of setting your mod to a particular wattage, you select a temperature. A vape mod capable of temperature control will usually have the letters ‘TC’ in the name. A prime and perfect example temp control mod is the Apollo Reliant 75 W TC. In other words, a mod capable of 75 watt in variable wattage as well as being capable of vaping in temperature control.

Temperature control vaping allows you to choose a temperature between 200 F and 600 F, or 100 C and 300 C. The sweet spot for vaping is typically somewhere in the middle of those ranges.

Temp Control Vaping Sweet-spots

  • 400 to 420 F
  • 180 to 220 C

Temperature control vaping requires a sophisticated chip to precisely manage the power output required to reach the desired coil temperature. The most accurate chip is the DNA designed by the American company Evolv. You will find the DNA chip in the Apollo Solaire 75 watt DNA mod.

Temperature Control Vaping Coils

Temperature control vaping coils are sub ohm. The difference is that temp control vaping requires a compatible coil material. Most TC coils are Nickel, Stainless Steel, or Titanium. Ni200 Nickel vape coils are the most common for TC vapor. Do not set you mod to vape in temperature control unless you have the appropriate coil wire to do so. Stainless steel is the only coil material that can be vaped in either variable wattage or temp control.

Not all sub ohm vape tanks offer temp control compatible coils.

Why Vape In Temperature Control

The benefits of temperature control vaping are efficiency and consistency. Here’s how that works. If you set your vaping temperature to 400 F, the mod will automatically provide enough power for the coil to reach 400 F. If you take another vape right away, not as much power will be required because the coil is still hot. That way you can conserve battery life.

The atomizer coil will be the same temperature every vape. That will mean consistent vapor production. Many vapers also report that temperature control conserves e-juice.

Temp Control Vaping Pros:

  • Consistency and efficiency
  • Conserves e-juice

To get the full benefit and enjoyment of TC vaping, you need a good quality device. A device with precision firmware that is capable of monitoring and controlling coil temperature. A cheap or clone TC mod with second-rate firmware will be unreliable. Apollo E-Cigs offers an array of the best quality vape devices at low prices. Don’t settle for less.

Sub Ohm Vaping Trends

The original trend in sub ohm vaping was the practice known as dripping. Dripping is a complicated process that is best left for experienced vapers. With the advent of regulated mods and sub ohm vape tanks, getting those big clouds was suddenly easier.

At the end of our sub ohm vaping guide, we will show you a few complete sub ohm vaping kits that are user friendly and enjoyable.

The current trend in sub ohm vaping is a relentless pursuit of more power and more vapor. While you can get plenty of vapor from a basic sub ohm tank and a 75 watt mod, it is the 200 watt mods that have suddenly become popular. In recent months, a 350 watt mod has hit the market.

IN terms of sub ohm vaping for beginners, we recommend getting started with an easy to use device. Or, a single 18650 powered 75 watt mod and sub ohm tank.

Risks Of Sub Ohm Vaping

The whole idea of our sub ohm vaping guide is to mitigate the risk and enhance your enjoyment. If you follow the guidelines and use quality products and e-liquids, sub ohm vaping is a simple pleasure.

Using a mechanical mod with your own coil builds is another matter. If you don’t know what you are doing, you can easily burn your coils or over-stress a battery.

The other risk of sub ohm vaping that few people talk about is the risks of counterfeits and clones. This is important and often misunderstood in our industry. There are a huge number of clone and counterfeit mods and tanks on the market right now. They look like the real thing but they are not. At all.

Be careful to avoid the risk of being burned, literally, by a fake e-cig product. Apollo offers authentic vape devices and tanks from the best manufacturer’s in the world.Our own Apollo products are a collaboration between Apollo’s R&D team and the best manufacturer’s. Stick with us and avoid being ripped off by a fake. That sounds self-serving but let me hit you with some numbers. Well, one number. 600.

There are 600 e-cig factories in China. A few dozen of them are amazing. They make phenomenal vape gear. That leaves hundreds of other factories doing something else. Many of them are making cheap, low-quality clones. If you think about the sheer numbers, you might get an eye-opening idea of just how many fakes are really out there.

Sub Ohm Vaping Product Guide

Folks, there is a huge range of sub ohm vaping products. There is a product for every level of vaper including beginners. Take a look at the descriptions below and decide where you want to get started. For a first sub ohm vape kit, we recommend getting started with one of the first two choices. For starters, it doesn’t get any easier than the Apollo Ohm Go.

Easiest To Use Sub Ohm Vape Kit

The Apollo Ohm Go is an everything included sub ohm vape kit that sells for only $39.95. The Ohm Go is very easy to use and comes with a convenient top-fill sub ohm vape tank. The 0.3 ohm atomizer coils are very long lasting and bring out the flavor and the vapor.

The Ohm Go is what you might call plug and play. You do not have to make any adjustments to any settings. All you need to do is hit the fire button and vape. The pen style design is portable and convenient as well. Ideal for sub ohm vaping beginners.

sub ohm vaping guide easy to use products for beginners

Get Started With The Ohm Go

Sub Ohm TC Mod Kit

If you want a sub ohm mod kit that is suitable for newbies as well as offering some of the more sophisticated customization options, then the Apollo Reliant is a no brainer. In fact, the Reliant also lets you vape in temp control. You can buy Ni200 coils for temp control or Kanthal for variable wattage. This 75 watt mod operates on a single 18650 battery and comes with the Phazer sub ohm tank.

The diverse Apollo Reliant mod is gorgeous to look at and contoured for comfort. The OLED screen displays power, temperature, and atomizer resistance. The large fire button give it a natural feel when vaping. You get precision customization and some off the charts vaping.

temperature control vaping for beginners

Get now your Reliant Kit

Sub Ohm Vaping Guide Summary

Time to wrap up our sub ohm vaping guide! We have covered a lot here. It may seem complicated at points but there is nothing to fear. Sub ohm vaping has never been more accessible or easier. We are providing this guide as a means of enhancing your enjoyment.

Sub ohm vape devices come in all shapes and sizes. Some are very easy to use. Mods like the Apollo Ohm Go or the Smok Stick V8 kit are plug and play. You do not have to adjust any settings or worry about making any calculations.

If you would enjoy some vaping variety with a more sophisticated mod, you can experiment with wattage settings and atomizer resistances. You might be surprised at how much a small change can make to your vapor and flavor!

The bottom line is this. Vaping is a technology capable of providing your with a diverse range of experiences. Sub ohm vaping will indeed deliver the vapor clouds you are looking for. And you can have a lot of fun getting there. Choose a device that will fit what you are looking for. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us.

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